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Color Mixing Watercolor Paint Characteristics

Hooker’s Green Watercolor – Paint Characteristics & Color Mixing

Hooker’s Green watercolor is a pure transparent non-staining watercolor that is a warm, natural green that can be used as a primary green.

It is one of the “greens” in the transparent non-staining watercolor palette used for the glazing technique and mixing with other colors.

hooker's green watercolor thumbnail
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Measured against a gray scale value finder, transparent non-staining watercolors are generally light in value ranging from 10% to a maximum of 70% value.

gray scale & value finder

So, the colors in the transparent non-staining category are adequate for a complete palette, except for where darker passages require colors with values higher on the gray scale.

PAINT CHARACTERISTICS

The characteristics of Hooker’s Green differ in hue from one brand to another. Holbein’s brand has a yellow summer green color and Winsor Newton’s brand is cooler and darker.

Like other transparent non-staining watercolors, Hooker’s Green can be lifted from a dampened watercolor paper without leaving a strong stain behind.

COLOR MIXING WITH HOOKER’S GREEN WATERCOLOR

Add Aureolin or New Gamboge to Hooker’s Green to mix a variety of green colors that look more natural than using it straight from the tube.

Mix Hooker’s Green with Permanent Rose to create interesting mid-value transparent gray colors. For a darker gray, mix Hooker’s Green with Quinacridone Violet.

It also makes beautiful, luminous washes when glazed or mixed with the other watercolors in the transparent non-staining category.

Hooker’s Green can also be successfully mixed with watercolors in the semi-transparent non-staining category.

Mixed with semi-opaque or opaque colors, it will create a combination that is cleaner and more transparent than using only opaque colors.

Purchase watercolor paints using my affiliate links below:

… and the recommended transparent non-staining watercolors for glazing or color mixing with Hooker’s Green

… also the recommended semi-transparent and semi-opaque watercolors for mixing with Hooker’s Green

To learn more about transparent watercolors, click the link to my blog post “Which watercolor paints are transparent.”

See my YouTube playlist “Watercolor Paint Characteristics & Color Mixing” for more videos. And, subscribe to my YouTube channel.

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Color Mixing Watercolor Paint Characteristics

Viridian Watercolor – Paint Characteristics & Color Mixing

Viridian watercolor is a pure transparent non-staining watercolor that has a distinctive metallic blue-green color that is rarely used on its own as a primary green.

It is one of the “greens” in the transparent non-staining watercolor palette used for the glazing technique and mixing with other colors.

viridian watercolor video thumbnail
Click image to watch video on YouTube

Measured against a gray scale value finder, transparent non-staining watercolors are generally light in value ranging from 10% to a maximum of 70% value.

gray scale & value finder

So, the colors in the transparent non-staining category are adequate for a complete palette, except for where darker passages require colors with values higher on the gray scale.

PAINT CHARACTERISTICS

Viridian is considered to be a cool bluish green, that is tricky to mix when a warm green color is desired.

Like other transparent non-staining watercolors, Viridian can be lifted from a dampened watercolor paper without leaving a strong stain behind.

COLOR MIXING WITH VIRIDIAN WATERCOLOR

Add Aureolin or New Gamboge to Viridian to mix a variety of green colors that look more natural than using it straight from the tube.

Create special foliage effects by combining Viridian with a mixture of yellows, oranges, reds, and/or earth colors.

Mix Viridian with Rose Madder Genuine or mix Viridian, Cobalt Blue, and Vermilion together to create interesting mid-value transparent gray colors.

It also makes beautiful, luminous washes when glazed or mixed with the other watercolors in the transparent non-staining category.

Viridian can also be successfully mixed with watercolors in the semi-transparent non-staining category.

Mixed with semi-opaque or opaque colors, it will create a combination that is cleaner and more transparent than using only opaque colors.

Purchase watercolor paints using my affiliate links below:

… and the recommended transparent non-staining watercolors for glazing or color mixing with Viridian

… also the recommended semi-transparent non-staining watercolor for mixing with Viridian

To learn more about transparent watercolors, click the link to my blog post “Which watercolor paints are transparent.”

See my YouTube playlist “Watercolor Paint Characteristics & Color Mixing” for more videos. And, subscribe to my YouTube channel.

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Color Mixing Watercolor Paint Characteristics

Cobalt Blue Watercolor – Paint Characteristics & Color Mixing

Cobalt Blue watercolor is a pure transparent non-staining watercolor that has a distinctive color that is rarely used on its own as a primary blue.

It is the “blue” in the transparent non-staining watercolor palette used for the glazing technique and mixing with other colors.

cobalt blue watercolor video thumbnail
Click image to watch video on YouTube

Measured against a gray scale value finder, transparent non-staining watercolors are generally light in value ranging from 10% to a maximum of 70% value.

So, the colors in the transparent non-staining category are adequate for a complete palette, except for where darker passages require colors with values higher on the gray scale.

PAINT CHARACTERISTICS

Cobalt Blue is considered to be a neutral blue, neither warm nor cool, that can be used to tone down other colors it is mixed with.

Like other transparent non-staining watercolors, Cobalt Blue can be lifted from a dampened watercolor paper without leaving a strong stain behind.

COLOR MIXING WITH COBALT BLUE WATERCOLOR

Mix Cobalt Blue with Permanent Rose to create delicate transparent violet colors.

Add Aureolin or New Gamboge to Cobalt Blue to mix a variety of green colors that look more natural than using Viridian or Hooker’s Green straight from the tube.

Mix Cobalt Blue with Aureolin plus Rose Madder Genuine to create interesting light to mid-value transparent gray colors.

It also makes beautiful, luminous washes when glazed or mixed with the other watercolors in the transparent non-staining category.

Cobalt Blue can also be successfully mixed with watercolors in the semi-transparent non-staining category.

Mixed with semi-opaque or opaque colors, it will create a combination that is cleaner and more transparent than using only opaque colors.

Purchase watercolor paints using my affiliate links below:

… and the recommended transparent non-staining watercolors for glazing or color mixing with Cobalt Blue

… also the recommended semi-transparent non-staining watercolor for mixing with Cobalt Blue

To learn more about transparent watercolors, click the link to my blog post “Which watercolor paints are transparent.”

See my YouTube playlist “Watercolor Paint Characteristics & Color Mixing” for more videos. And, subscribe to my YouTube channel.

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Color Mixing Watercolor Paint Characteristics

Permanent Rose Watercolor – Paint Characteristics & Color Mixing

Permanent Rose watercolor is a pure transparent non-staining watercolor that has a reddish-pink color.

It is one of the “reds” in the transparent non-staining watercolor palette used primarily for the glazing technique.

permanent rose watercolor video thumbnail
Click image to watch video on YouTube

Measured against a gray scale value finder, transparent non-staining watercolors are generally light in value ranging from 10% to a maximum of 70% value.

So, the colors in the transparent non-staining category are adequate for a complete palette, except for where darker passages require colors with values higher on the gray scale.

PAINT CHARACTERISTICS

Permanent Rose is redder and slightly darker than Rose Madder Genuine which has more blue in it.

Like other transparent non-staining watercolors, Permanent Rose can be lifted from a dampened watercolor paper without leaving a strong stain behind.

COLOR MIXING WITH PERMANENT ROSE WATERCOLOR

Mix Permanent Rose with Cobalt Blue to create delicate transparent violet colors.

Mix it with Hooker’s Green to create a beautiful transparent mid-value gray color.

Add Aureolin or New Gamboge to Permanent Rose to mix a variety of orange colors instead of using Cadmium Orange.

Permanent Rose can also be successfully mixed with watercolors in the semi-transparent non-staining category.

Mixed with semi-opaque or opaque colors, it will create a combination that is cleaner and more transparent than using only opaque colors.

Purchase watercolor paints using my affiliate links below:

… and the recommended transparent non-staining watercolors for glazing or color mixing with Permanent Rose

… also the recommended semi-transparent non-staining yellow watercolor

To learn more about transparent watercolors, click the link to my blog post “Which watercolor paints are transparent.”

See my YouTube playlist “Watercolor Paint Characteristics & Color Mixing” for more videos. And, subscribe to my YouTube channel.

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Color Mixing Watercolor Paint Characteristics

Rose Madder Genuine Watercolor – Paint Characteristics & Color Mixing

Rose Madder Genuine watercolor is a pure transparent non-staining watercolor with a crimson violet color resembling rose pink.

It is one of the “reds” in the transparent non-staining watercolor palette used primarily for the glazing technique.

Click image to watch video on YouTube

Measured against a gray scale value finder, transparent non-staining watercolors are generally light in value ranging from 10% to a maximum of 70% value.

So, the colors in the transparent non-staining category are adequate for a complete palette, except for where darker passages require colors with values higher on the gray scale.

PAINT CHARACTERISTICS

Rose Madder Genuine, like other transparent non-staining watercolors, can be lifted from a dampened watercolor paper without leaving a strong stain behind.

Rose Madder Genuine is often used as a substitute for Alizarin Crimson because it is less intense, non-staining, and more permanent than Alizarin Crimson.

COLOR MIXING WITH ROSE MADDER GENUINE WATERCOLOR

Rose Madder Genuine mixed with Aureolin creates a glowing color substitute for Raw Sienna and Burnt Sienna watercolor.

It also makes beautiful, luminous washes when glazed or mixed with the other watercolors in the transparent non-staining category.

Rose Madder Genuine can also be successfully mixed with watercolors in the semi-transparent non-staining category.

Mixed with semi-opaque or opaque colors, it will create a combination that is cleaner and more transparent than using only opaque colors.

Purchase watercolor paints using my affiliate links below:

… and the recommended transparent non-staining watercolors for glazing or color mixing with Rose Madder Genuine

To learn more about transparent watercolors, click the link to my blog post “Which watercolor paints are transparent.”

See my YouTube playlist “Watercolor Paint Characteristics & Color Mixing” for more videos. And, subscribe to my YouTube channel.

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Color Mixing Watercolor Paint Characteristics

Winsor Yellow Watercolor Characteristics & Color Mixing

Winsor Yellow watercolor is a very strong staining semi-transparent yellow that is described as a warm yellow.

But, in Jim Kosvanec’s book Transparent Watercolor Wheel, he includes Winsor Yellow in his group of transparent staining watercolors and describes it as having a cool temperature.

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Actually, a color’s temperature can be shifted from cool to warm and vice versa depending upon what color is placed next to it in a painting composition.

A warm color placed next to Winsor Yellow will make it appear cooler, and a cool color next to it makes appear warmer.

PAINT CHARACTERISTICS

Winsor Yellow is an intense, saturated color that will stain the fibers of the paper it’s applied to, as well as overpower other watercolors it’s mixed with.

It is often used as the first layer of a glaze before other color glazes are applied on watercolor paper.

COLOR MIXING WITH WINSOR YELLOW WATERCOLOR

When color mixing with Winsor Yellow, add it sparingly and gradually to another watercolor until the desired color mixture is reached.

As a transparent staining watercolor, it mixes well with other transparent staining watercolors.

But, it will slightly dull non-staining transparent and semi-transparent watercolors.

All transparent staining watercolors produce a less successive color mixture when mixed with semi-opaque and opaque watercolors which have coarser pigments that will stain and discolor.

Purchase watercolor paints using my affiliate links below:

… and the recommended transparent staining watercolors for color mixing with Winsor Yellow

Book – Jim Kosvanec’s Transparent Watercolor Wheel

To learn more about transparent watercolors, click the link to my blog post “Which watercolor paints are transparent.”

See my YouTube playlist “Watercolor Paint Characteristics & Color Mixing” for more videos. And, subscribe to my YouTube channel.

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Color Mixing Watercolor Paint Characteristics

Aureolin Watercolor Characteristics & Color Mixing

Aureolin watercolor is a pure primary yellow that is moderately transparent with a cool color temperature.

Aureolin watercolor is often used as the first layer of a glaze before other color glazes are applied on watercolor paper.

aureolin watercolor
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PAINT CHARACTERISTICS

Aureolin appears grayed straight from the tube, but when water is added and the thinned paint is applied, the grayish effect disappears.

Aureolin does not overpaint with the same clarity it seems to have as a first wash.

COLOR MIXING WITH AUREOLIN WATERCOLOR

Aureolin mixes well with other transparent and semi-transparent watercolors.

Aureolin mixed with Rose Madder Genuine creates a glowing color substitute for Raw Sienna and Burnt Sienna watercolor.

Aureolin mixed with Winsor Blue creates a vibrant green.

For more interesting greens, mix Aureolin with Viridian or Winsor Green with a touch of Rose Madder Genuine added.

For a lighter, transparent green, mix Aureolin with Cobalt Blue.

Instead of using dull brown colors from the tube, create luminous browns by mixing Aureolin with Rose Madder Genuine and a touch of Viridian or Winsor Green added.

Purchase watercolor paints using my affiliate links below:

… and the recommended watercolors for color mixing with Aureolin

Want to know what colors work well with yellow? See my Aureolin blog post.

To learn more about transparent watercolors, click the link to my blog post “Which watercolor paints are transparent.”

See my YouTube playlist “Watercolor Paint Characteristics & Color Mixing” for more videos. And, subscribe to my YouTube channel.

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Transparent Watercolor

Transparent Purple Watercolor

Transparent purple watercolor paints are either staining or non-staining. In addition, there are semi-transparent purple watercolors.

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Transparent Non-Staining Purple Watercolor Paints

QUINACRIDONE MAGENTA

Quinacridone Magenta contains PR122-Quinacridone Magenta pigment. It is a powerful bluish red with an impressive mixing range excellent for glazing color.

QUINACRIDONE VIOLET

Quinacridone Violet contains PV55-Quinacridone Purple pigment.

Transparent Staining Purple Watercolor Paints

PERMANENT MAGENTA

Permanent Magenta contains PV19-Quinacridone Violet and Quinacridone Red (PR192) pigments. It is the most lightfast organic pigment in this shade range.

WINSOR VIOLET

Winsor Violet contains PV23-Dioxazine Violet pigment. When it is used at full strength, it is very dark valued appearing almost black.

In addition to transparent non-staining purple, there are semi-transparent purple watercolors.

Semi-Transparent Non-Staining Purple Watercolor Paints

PERMANENT MAUVE

Permanent Mauve contains PV16-Manganese Violet pigment. Bluish-violet in color, it is one of the most lightfast, balanced violets in watercolor form.

ULTRAMARINE VIOLET

Ultramarine Violet contains PV15-Ultramarine Violet pigment. It is the bluest of the violets ranging from dull purple to pale violet.

Purchase watercolor paints using my affiliate links below:

Want to know what colors work well with purple? See my color scheme blog posts below:

To learn more about transparent watercolors, click the link to my blog post “Which watercolor paints are transparent.”

See my YouTube playlist “Transparent Watercolor Paints List” for more videos about transparent colors. And, subscribe to my YouTube channel.

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Transparent Watercolor

Transparent Red Watercolor

Transparent red watercolor paints are either staining or non-staining. In addition, there are semi-transparent red watercolors.

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Transparent Non-Staining Red Watercolor Paints

PERMANENT ROSE

Permanent Rose contains Quinacridone Violet (PV19) and Quinacridone Red (PR192) pigments, producing a red color with a hint of red.

ROSE MADDER GENUINE

Rose Madder Genuine contains NR9-Rose Madder pigment, a crimson violet color resembling rose pink.

Transparent Staining Red Watercolor Paints

ALIZARIN CRIMSON

Alizarin Crimson contains PR83-Alizarin Crimson pigment, a clear ruby-red with a maroon masstone and a bluish undertone.

WINSOR RED

Winsor Red contains PR254-Pyrrole Red pigment, a highly staining, saturated mid-shade red color.

In addition to transparent non-staining red, there are semi-transparent red watercolors.

Semi-Transparent Non-Staining Red Watercolor Paints

QUINACRIDONE BURNT SCARLET

Quinacridone Burnt Scarlet contains PR206-Quinacridone Pyrrolidine Red pigment, a deep maroon or bordeaux red color.

VERMILION

Vermilion contains PR108-Cadmium Red pigment, a bright, warm red color.

Purchase watercolor paints using my affiliate links below:

In addition, Daniel Smith has a transparent synthetic version of red iron oxide called Transparent Red Oxide. It has mostly replaced natural red iron oxides and is brighter and more permanent.

Red Color Scheme

Want to know what colors work well with red? See my Alizarin Crimson blog post.

To learn more about transparent watercolors, click the link to my blog post “Which watercolor paints are transparent.”

See my YouTube playlist “Transparent Watercolor Paints List” for more videos about transparent colors. And, subscribe to my YouTube channel.

Categories
Transparent Watercolor

Transparent Green Watercolor

Transparent green watercolor paint types are either non-staining or staining. In addition, there are semi-transparent green watercolors.

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Transparent Non-Staining Green Watercolor Paints

HOOKER’S GREEN

Hooker’s Green contains two pigments: PG36-Phthalo Green & PO49-Quinacridone Gold. Both pigments are transparent. Hooker’s Green is considered a very good alternative to Viridian because the Phthalo Green pigment in it is intense and mixes well. And, the Quinacridone Gold, a transparent yellow-orange pigment, in Hooker’s Green makes it is a warmer green watercolor paint.

VIRIDIAN

Viridian contains PG18-Viridian pigment. It is transparent with an emerald green undertone perfect for glazing. Viridian is a cool, primary green commonly used in landscape painters’ palettes.

Transparent Staining Green Watercolor Paints

WINSOR GREEN

Winsor Green comes in two shades: Yellow Shade and Blue Shade. Both paints are very strong staining transparent colors. The Phthalo Green pigment in Winsor Green is a transparent, cool, bright, high-intensity color with a very high tinting strength that can overpower other colors.

PERMANENT GREEN NO. 1

Permanent Green No. 1 contains three pigments: PG7-Phthalo Green, PY53-Nickel Titanium Yellow & PY3-Hansa Yellow 10G. The Phthalo Green pigment in Permanent Green No. 1 is a transparent, cool, bright, high-intensity color. The addition of Nickel Titanium Yellow and Hansa Yellow pigments add brightness and transparency to Permanent Green No. 1 watercolor paint.

In addition to transparent non-staining green, there are semi-transparent green watercolors.

Semi-Transparent Non-Staining Green Watercolor Paints

GREEN GOLD

Green Gold contains PY129-Green Gold pigment, a greenish yellow pigment with low tinting strength. It’s a hue reminiscent of the glow of sunlight through leaves.

SAP GREEN

Sap Green contains three pigments: PR122-Quinacridone Magenta, PG7-Phthalo Green & PY150-Nickel Azo Yellow. Quinacridone Magenta pigment is a semi-transparent and powerful bluish red which gives Sap Green a darker green hue. And, the Nickel Azo Yellow pigment adds warmth, making Sap Green a good color match for botanical and landscape painting.

Purchase watercolor paints using my affiliate links below:

Green Color Scheme

Want to know what colors work well with green? See my Viridian blog post.

To learn more about transparent watercolors, click the link to my blog post “Which watercolor paints are transparent.”

See my YouTube playlist “Transparent Watercolor Paints List” for more videos about transparent colors. And, subscribe to my YouTube channel.

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