Permanent Yellow Deep watercolor is a warm transparent yellow similar in color to Cadmium Orange thinned to a relatively transparent state.
It is one of the “yellows” in the transparent staining watercolor palette used for the glazing technique and mixing with other colors in its category.
Measured against a gray scale value finder, transparent staining watercolors range in value from 10% light to a maximum of 90% dark.
Colors in the transparent staining category can portray intensity and dark values without becoming muddy and are adequate for a full palette except for where opacity is desired.
Permanent Yellow Deep is a supersaturated, stronger color than watercolors in the non-staining category and more restraint is required when mixing or glazing it with other watercolors.
Transparent staining watercolors will stain the fibers of the paper they are applied to, and stain, overpower and dull non-staining watercolors they are mixed with.
For the best results, Permanent Yellow Deep can be glazed and mixed with colors in the transparent staining watercolor category.
COLOR MIXING WITH PERMANENT YELLOW DEEP WATERCOLOR
Add Winsor Red (thalo red) or Winsor Blue (phthalo blue) or Winsor Green (phthalo green) to Permanent Yellow Deep to mix a variety of orange and green colors.
Mix Permanent Yellow Deep with Winsor Violet to create interesting mid-value transparent gray colors. For a darker gray, mix it with Permanent Violet.
Transparent staining watercolors can be layered one over another, wet over bone dry, successfully as long as the number of layers and density is controlled.
Before applying a layer of color from another category, use the transparent staining watercolor as the first layer.
Interesting textures and effects can be achieved by painting opaque colors over a layer of transparent staining watercolor and allowing some of the staining color to peek through using various lifting methods.
Semi-opaque or opaque colors are composed of coarser pigments that are stained and discolored when mixed with transparent staining watercolors. So, they are the least successful combinations.
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… and the recommended transparent staining watercolor for mixing grays with Permanent Yellow Deep
… in addition to the above list of colors, the following transparent staining watercolors are best for glazing or color mixing with Permanent Yellow Deep
- Winsor Yellow
- Winsor Red
- Alizarin Crimson
- Indanthrene Blue
- Winsor Blue GS
- Winsor Blue RS
- Winsor Green BS
- Permanent Green #1
- Hooker’s Green Light
- Winsor Green YS
To learn more about transparent watercolors, click the link to my blog post “Which watercolor paints are transparent.”
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